In general, whole numbers appear to the eye, (a) as objects or events of interest to be counted, or (b) as strings of symbols to be interpreted. The first concern absolutes and may be idealised with reference to collections of uniform spheres. The second are to do with matters of human expediency; they involve choice of radix, and the creation (or adaptation) of a set of symbols, together with rules for their use. The currently-used method of number writing represents the final stage in a long process of evolutionary development; included in this was a period during which complete alphabets were requisitioned for use as numerals as, for example, among the Greeks (from c.600 BC) and the Jews (from c.200 BC). Because the original documents of the Judaeo-Christian Scriptures were written in Hebrew (Old Testament) and Greek (New Testament) it follows that they may also be fairly read as sets of numbers. (Hebrew and Greek schemes).

Whether arising from (a) or (b), numbers sometimes exhibit interesting patterns. In the case of (a), it may be possible to place the objects to be counted (uniform spheres, as suggested) inside a regular polygonal or polyhedral frame so as to fill it precisely and completely. In such situations the numbers represented are said to be figurate. A typical example is found in the game of snooker - the 15 'reds' being tightly arranged in equilateral triangle fashion prior to the commencement of each frame. With regard to (b), it may be that the repetition of a particular digit catches the eye, or it is seen that a number reads the same backward as forward, or again that a simple digit rotation yields a multiple of the original number.

When many events of these kinds are observed to occur in a small set of numbers, we may feel strongly led to attribute them to intelligent design (ID).

[Please note: following standard mathematical practice, the period (.) will here be used to signify 'multiplied by'.]

An Auspicious Beginning

In his writings, Ivan Panin has drawn attention to the interesting fact that the 7 Hebrew words of the Bible's first verse total 2701, or 37.73 - both factors prime. Here are the details:


However, more interested in following a trail of 7's, and apparently having little understanding of probability theory, he completely missed a far more significant thread and entered a world of fantasy - nevertheless, unearthing the occasional nugget of gold.

The developments that Panin missed are now considered.

Clearly, there is sufficient material here to attract the attention of all earnest seekers of truth. But the story is only half told, and we continue...

The Plot Thickens

The foregoing analysis has revealed 37 to be a key player in the Genesis 1:1 phenomena. However, the depth of its involvement is greater yet, for consider:






Order Hexagon (X) Hexagram (Y) X.Y = Triangle Comments
2 7 13 91 Factor of 3003
3 19 37 703 "...and the earth."
4 37 73 2701 Genesis 1:1

In Search of an Author

There can be little doubt that this confluence of coincidences, springing from the heart of mathematics, speaks loudly of intelligent design. Could it be that Panin's basic assumptions have been right all along? - that God, in His infinite wisdom, has by these means provided man with empirical evidence of His Being and Sovereignty? To ascribe the phenomena to chance - bearing in mind the nature of the Book in which they occur, and their strategic position and content - surely demands a leap of faith of mammoth proportions; on the other hand, to believe they are the work of man, one has to hypothesise the existence of some mathematical/literary genius writing many centuries before the introduction of alphabetic numeration into Israel.

That the phenomena are undoubtedly of supernatural origin, and intended to achieve some serious purpose, is made clear by the following extension to the foregoing analysis:



Vernon Jenkins MSc

7th February, 1999


See also: for 'Aspects of a Miracle'


< home page